General Knowledge Malaysia, Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia that is just north of the Equator. It is made up of two separate parts: Peninsular Malaysia (Semenanjung Malaysia), also called West Malaysia (Malaysia Barat), which is on the Malay Peninsula, and East Malaysia (Malaysia Timur), which is on the island of Borneo. Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, is in the western part of the peninsula, about 25 miles (40 km) from the coast. Putrajaya, the center of government, is about 16 miles (25 km) south of the city.
General Knowledge In Malaysia
Malaysia is part of the Commonwealth, which is made up of two countries once ruled by the British. When it was founded on September 16, 1963, Malaysia was made up of Malaya (now Peninsular Malaysia), Singapore, and the northern Borneo states of Sarawak and Sabah. Singapore broke away from the federation in August 1965 and became independent.
General Knowledge Malaysia (Land)
Most of the southern part of the Malay Peninsula is in Peninsular Malaysia. It shares a land border with Thailand, which is to the north. This border is about 300 miles (480 km) long. In the south, at the end of the peninsula, is the island country of Singapore.
A causeway and a different bridge connect Malaysia to Singapore. Indonesia's island of Sumatra is to the southwest, across the Strait of Malacca. East Malaysia is made up of Sarawak and Sabah, the country's two biggest states. It is divided from Peninsular Malaysia by the South China Sea, about 400 miles (640 km) long.
These two states take up about a fourth of the northern part of the big island of Borneo. They share a land border with the Indonesian part of the island, Kalimantan, which is to the south. The Sultanate of Brunei is in a small seaside area that Sarawak surrounds.Peninsular Malaysia is about 40% of the country's total size, which includes about 265 square miles (690 square km) of interior water. East Malaysia is about 60%.
General Knowledge Malaysia (Relief)
Myanmar and Thailand are to the south and southwest of the Malay Peninsula. It is long, narrow, and rough. The part in Malaysia is about 500 miles (800 km) long and 200 miles (320 km) wide at its widest point, east-west.
Nearly half of Peninsular Malaysia is made up of granite and other igneous rocks, one-third is made up of layered rocks that are older than the granite, and the rest is made up of alluvium. More than 500 feet (150 meters) above sea level is at least half of the land area.
General Knowledge Malaysia, Peninsular Malaysia has a hilly center of many nearly parallel mountain groups that run north to south. The Main Range is the most famous of these. It is about 300 miles (480 km) long and has peaks that are higher than 7,000 feet (2,100 meters). Karst landscapes are unique to the central and northern parts of Peninsular Malaysia.
They comprise limestone hills with steep, gray-white sides, stunted plants, holes made by water erosion, and underground tunnels. Along the coast, some plains are 10 to 50 miles (15 to 80 km) wide on the peninsula's west side, but they are smaller and break up on the east side.
East Malaysia is a long strip of land about 700 miles (1,125 km) long and about 170 miles (275 km) wide at its widest point. The shoreline is 1,400 miles (2,250 km) long, and the border with Kalimantan is 900 miles (1,450 km) long. For most of its length, the landscape consists of three landforms. The first is a flat area along the coast.
General Knowledge Malaysia, In Sarawak, where the beach is straight, the plain is 20 to 40 miles (30 to 60 km) wide on average, but in Sabah, where the coast is rough and deeply cut, it is only 10 to 20 miles (15 to 30 km) wide. The second type of landform is the hill-and-valley area, which is inland from the sea plain.
Most places are lower than 1,000 feet (300 meters), but some groups of hills are 2,500 feet (750 meters) or higher. Most of the time, the land in this area is uneven, with steep-sided hills and small valleys.The third feature of the land is the hilly spine that separates East Malaysia from Kalimantan. This area is higher and closer to the Sabah coast than Sarawak.
It comprises a series of eroded plateaus, ravines, canyons, and mountain ranges that are hard to identify. Most of the mountain groups' highest points are between 1,200 and 2,100 meters (4,000 and 7,000 feet) high. Mount Kinabalu stands tall over this group of mountains. At 13,435 feet (4,095 meters), it is the tallest peak in Malaysia and Southeast Asian island.
General Knowledge Malaysia (Drainage)
Peninsular Malaysia has a complicated system of rivers and streams that drain the land. The Pahang, which is the largest river, is only 270 miles (434 km) long. Streams flow all year long because it rains all the time, but the amount of water moving depends on where it rains and how hard it rains. When it rains for a long time, it often causes floods, particularly in places where uncontrolled mining or farming has changed the normal flow of the rivers.
The interior mountains, which are also the watershed between Malaysia and Indonesia, set the drainage system for East Malaysia, just like they do for Peninsular Malaysia. The rivers, which are also permanent because it rains all year, form a thick network that covers the whole area. The Rajang, the longest river in Sarawak, is about 350 miles (563 km) long and can be navigated by shallow-draft boats for about 150 miles (240 km) from its mouth.
The Kinabatangan, the longest river in Sabah, is about the same length but can only be navigated for about 120 miles (190 km) from its mouth. The rivers are a way to get from the coast to the middle of the country, and most people have lived along rivers in the past.
General Knowledge Malaysia (Soils)
Both parts of Malaysia have soils that have been exposed to tropical, solid weathering for a long time. As a result, most of the nutrients that plants need have been washed away. Soils are often very acidic, have a rough feel, and have little organic matter.
When exposed to weathering, the organic matter quickly breaks into oxygen and water. This makes the soil even weaker. On sloped land, soil erosion is always a risk. To stop it, you need to make contour embankments or plant cover crops.
Peninsular Malaysia only has a small amount of rich soil, so farmers have to keep adding fertilizer to keep crops growing. Most of the time, the soil in Sarawak and Sabah is similar to the dirt on the mainland. Only Sabah has enough rich land to make it worth living there. These are found along the coasts of the southeast, where the dirt is made from materials that are chemically basic and come from volcanoes.
General Knowledge Malaysia (Malaysia's weather)
Peninsular Malaysia and the islands are both in the tropics and are touched by the same air currents. They have high temperatures and humidity, a lot of rain, and a climate year that revolves around the northeast and southwest monsoons.
The climate year has four seasons: the northeast monsoon, which lasts from November or December to March; the first inter-monsoonal period, which lasts from March to April or May; the southwest monsoon, which lasts from May or June to September or early October, and the second inter monsoonal period, which lasts from October to November. There must be a clear line between when the two monsoons start and end.
Even though Malaysia has an equatorial climate, the narrowness and topography of each part—central hilly areas with flat coastal plains on either side—make it easy for climates from the sea to reach the interior. The monsoons also change the weather. The northeast monsoon brings heavy rain and rough waves to the exposed beaches of southwestern Sarawak and northern and northeastern Sabah.
It can also cause flooding in the eastern part of the peninsula. The southwest monsoon primarily affects the southwestern coastal belt of Sabah, where floods are frequent. Neither peninsular nor island Malaysia is in the tropical cyclone (typhoon) belt, but squalls sometimes bring strong rainstorms to their shores.
All year long, the temperatures are always hot. Most flat places on the peninsula have average temperatures of about 80 °F (27 °C). East Malaysia's lowest temperatures are in the low to mid-70s F (about 23 °C) along the coast, and the highest temperatures are around 90 °F (32 °C). The temperatures are lower in the inland highlands.
The average amount of rain on the peninsula is about 100 inches (2,540 mm) per year. Kuala Kelawang (in the district of Jelebu), which is near Kuala Lumpur, gets about 65 inches (1,650 mm) per year, while Maxwell's Hill, which is northwest of Ipoh, gets about 200 inches (5,000 mm) per year. Sabah receives an average of 80 to 140 inches (2,030 to 3,560 mm) of rain per year, while most places in Sarawak get 120 inches (3,050 mm) or more.